For citation:

Kuznetsova V.P., Markovskaya E.V. Folklore Archive and Historical Reality (Based on the Archive Materials of the Institute of Language, Literature and History, Karelian Research Center RAS). Studia Litterarum, 2020, vol. 5, no 4, pp. 338–357. (In Russ.)

Author: V.P. Kuznetsova
Information about the author:

Valentina P. Kuznetsova, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Language, Literature and History, Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushkinskaya 11, 185910 Petrozavodsk, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Author 2: E.V. Markovskaya
Information about the author 2:

Elena V. Markovskaya, PhD in Philology, Researcher, Institute of Language, Literature and History, Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushkinskaya 11, 185910 Petrozavodsk, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: July 22, 2019
Published: December 25, 2020
Issue: 2020 Vol. 5, №4
Department: Folklore Studies
Pages: 338-357

UDK: 398
BBK: 82.3(2)
Keywords: folklore, archive, Russians, Karelians, Vepsians, Finns, Izhora, funds, genres, ideology, war, history, collections, Institute of Language, Literature and History.


The study was carried out under the project No. AAAA-A18-118030190094-6.


The paper discusses the content of one of the largest folklore archives in Russia belonging to the Institute of Language, Literature and History of the Karelian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Systematic work of collecting folklore, carried out for more than 100 years, contributed to the creation of archives reflecting the historical events of an entire era. In the 1930s a new historical period began, giving life to the new forms of epic art — the so-called “novinas,” held in the Archive. During the Great World War, prisoners of the Finnish concentration camps created the so-called pieces of camp folklore, reviving the genre of lamentation. In the postwar period, researches were urged to deal with “Soviet” folklore, and not with the “frozen” forms of folk art. The archival materials collected among the representatives of deported people — Ingrian Finns — bear witness of the historical time. In the second half of the 20th century ideological pressure in the folkloristic studies continued, as superstitions and prejudices were sought to be eradicated, and the collection of folklore reflecting folk religious beliefs was not welcomed.


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