Author(s)  L.G. Shakirova
Information about the author(s) Liudmila G. Shakirova, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya, 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
Received  June 15, 2016
Published  March 25, 2017
Issue  2017 Vol. 2, №1
Department   Russian Literature
Pages  184-211
DOI  10.22455/2500-4247-2017-2-1-184-211
UDK  821.161.1
BBK  83.3(2Рос-Рус)
Abstract  This article examines the understudied subjects of Lermontov life and work: his stay at the Moscow noble boarding school and his direct engagement in Cepheus, a literary annual run by the literary circle of Raich, where Lermontov’s first work, “Thoughts, Extracts, and Reflections…” was published. The author proves the authorship of Lermontov’s “Thoughts…” that was included in the sixth volume of the academic edition of his works under the category of “Dubia” but excluded from many later editions. Close reading of “Thoughts...” and a comparative study of selected fragments with Lermontov’s letters to M.A. Shan-Girey demonstrate that even this early essay drawing ontological differences between the principles of classicism and Romanticism bears the imprint of the Early Romantic aesthetics. The analysis reveals typological similarities between “Thoughts…” and the ideas of Jena school that were most fully manifested in the writings of Schlegel brothers thoroughly studied in the literary circle of Raich. In a section devoted to aesthetic views of S.E. Raich, the author disagrees with those researchers who consider him to be either archaist or classicist and claims that he was an adept of Jena school rather than a “neopetrarchist.” Ideas discussed in the circle and during the lectures influenced Lermontov as his future work testifies. Within the period of 1829–1831, he published a Byronic poem “June 11, 1831,” on the one hand, and a poem “Angel” that echoes the ideas of Wackenroder, on the other hand. If for Raich, a combination of these two conflicting Romantic schools was inconceivable, for young Lermontov, it was a natural outcome of his apprenticeship period since each school offered him the means to understand the essence of Romantic method as such.
Keywords Lermontov, Jena Romanticism, early phase, literary circle of Raich, “Thoughts, Extracts, and Reflections…,” aesthetic, literary influence 
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